Technical Services

Section 106 Documentation

Archaeological Records Reviews

Archaeological Investigations

Construction Monitoring

Cemetery Development Plans

Architectural Surveys

Historical Records Reviews

Consultation with SHPO, THPO, Local Interest Groups, and/or Tribal Cultural Resource Preservation Offices

Active Environmental can offer the following CRM services on an as-needed basis in Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky and Illinois.

Section 106 Documentation:

Projects reviewed under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) require documentation of archaeological, historical and architectural resources. Active Environmental provides the documentation of the resources which fall within the projectís area of potential effect (APE). Active Environmental also provides an evaluation of the resources potential significance, as well as an evaluation of the projectís effect on the resources.

Archaeological Services:

Archaeological and Historic Records Reviews

Archaeological and Historical Records Reviews involve a comprehensive examination of documents maintained by the State Historic Preservation Office, Universities, Municipalities and/or local Historic Societies. This review provides information regarding known archaeological sites in the project area, the significance of these sites, previous professional surveys in the area, and the potential for the project area to contain archaeological resources. Often it is found that a project area has been previously surveyed for archaeological resources, or it is located in an area which otherwise precludes further survey.

Phase I Archaeological Reconnaissance

Phase Ia Archaeological Surveys usually involve both an Archaeological Records Review and a Field Reconnaissance. The reconnaissance involves a systematic examination of the project area in an attempt to locate archaeological sites of Pre-Contact or Historic significance. When the ground surface is visible, the area is walked over systematically in search of cultural artifacts or features. When the ground is not visible, small shovel test pits are placed systematically across the project area in search of cultural artifacts or features. A report documenting the records review and the results of the field reconnaissance is completed and provided to the client or submittal for SHPO approval.

Phase Ib Intensive Assessments involve a more in-depth systematic survey of a particular archaeological site. Intensive assessments are usually undertaken in special circumstances as an aid to determining whether Phase II testing of the site is necessary. On Pre-Contact sites the assessment usually takes the form of an intensive survey and mapping of the site under ideal conditions. On Historic sites, the assessment usually includes the intensive survey and mapping of a site as well as an exhaustive search of property deeds, titles and other documents obtained from Local, Municipal and County offices.

Phase Ic Subsurface Surveys are generally undertaken to determine if archaeological resources are buried within a project area. This type of investigation is usually only required in areas that contain well drained soils which are subject to frequent flooding. Phase Ic investigations are normally completed by mechanically excavating a series of trenches across the project area.